To read any of the papers listed below, please visit Dr. J. Bruce Morton's Google Scholar page.

Papers in refereed journals:

Goldsmith, S.F., El-Baba, M., He, X., Lewis, D., Akoury Dirani, L., Liu, J., & Morton, J. B. (2023).
No Bilingual Advantage in Children’s Attentional Disengagement: Congruency and Sequential
Congruency Effects in a Large Sample of Monolingual and Bilingual Children. Journal of Experimental
Child Psychology. In Press

Hull, A., & Morton, J. B. (2023). Activity-State Entropy: A Novel Brain Entropy Measure Based on Spatial
Patterns of Activity. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 109868.

Hare. C., Leslie, A. C., Bodell, L. P., Kaufman. E. A., Morton, J. B., Nicolson, R., Kelley, E., Jones, J., Ayub,
M., Crosbie, J., Schachar, R., Anagnostou, E., Segers, M., & Stevenson, R. A. (2023). Sex and Intelligence
Quotient Differences in Age of Diagnosis among Youth with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
British Journal of Clinical Psychology. Stage 1 Registered report.

Cho, I., Kamkar, N. H., Song, H. J., & Morton, J. B. (2023). Culture, executive functions, and academic
achievement. Frontiers in Psychology, 14, 1739.

Hu, Y. Z., Parimoo, S., Chignell, M., Lowe, C. J., & Morton, J. B. (2023). TAG-ME again: A serious game for
measuring working memory. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 1-20.

Spinelli, G., Morton, J. B., & Lupker, S. J. (2022). Both task-irrelevant and task-relevant information trigger
reactive conflict adaptation in the item-specific proportion-congruent paradigm. Psychonomic Bulletin &
Review, 1-13.

Spinelli, G., Goldsmith, S. F., Lupker, S. J., & Morton, J. B. (2022). Bilingualism and executive attention:
Evidence from studies of proactive and reactive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 48(6), 906–927.

Cho, I., Park, J., Song, H., & Morton, J. B. (2021). Disentangling language status and country-of-origin
explanations of the bilingual advantage in preschoolers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 212.

Seguin, D., Kuenzel, E., Morton, J. B., Duerden, E. G. (2021). School's out: Parenting stress and screen time use in school-age children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports, 6.

Lowe, C. J., Goldsmith, S. F., Cho, I., & Morton, J.B. (2021). The bilingual advantage in children’s executive functioning is not related to language status: a meta-analytic review. Psychological Science.

Lowe, C. J., Morton, J. B., & Reichelt, A. C. (2020). Adolescent obesity and dietary decision making—a brain-health perspective. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

El-Baba, M., Lewis, D. J., Fang, Z., Owen, A. M., Fogel, S. M., & Morton, J. B. (2019). Functional connectivity dynamics slow with descent from wakefulness to sleep. PloS one14(12).

Goldsmith, S. F., & Morton, J. B. (2018). Sequential Congruency Effects in Monolingual and Bilingual Adults: A Failure to Replicate Grundy et al.,(2017). Frontiers in Psychology9, 2476.

Goldsmith, S. F., & Morton, J. B. (2017). Time to disengage from the bilingual advantage hypothesis. Cognition

Kamkar, N. H., & Morton, J. B. (2017). CanDiD: A Framework for Linking Executive Function and Education. Frontiers in psychology8, 1187.

Kamkar, N. H., Lewis, D. J., van den Bos, W., & Morton, J. B. (2017). Ventral striatal activity links adversity and reward processing in children. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience26, 20-27.

Meinz, P., Morton, J.B., Pederson, D.R. & Moran, G. (2016). Biases in Attention for Social Stimuli in Children are Associated with Patterns of Infant Attachment: A Brief Report. Social Development, doi: 10.1111/sode.12184  

Hutchison, R. M. & Morton, J. B. (2016). It’s a matter of time: Reframing the development of cognitive control as a modification of the brain’s temporal dynamics. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 70-77.

Morton, J. B. (2015). Still waiting for real answers. Cortex, 73, 352-353. 

Hutchison, R. M. & Morton, J. B. (2015). Tracking the brain’s functional coupling dynamics over development. Journal of Neuroscience, 35(17), 6849-6859.

Hosseini-Kamkar, N., & Morton, J. B. (2014). Sex differences in self-regulation: An evolutionary perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8.  

Morton, J. B. (2014). Dynamic field theory and executive functions: Lending explanation to current theories of development. Monograph of the Society for Research in Child Development, 79(2), 116-124.

Morton, J. B. (2014). Sunny review casts a foreboding shadow over status quo bilingual advantage research. Applied Psycholinguistics, 35(5), 929-931. 

Turnbull, K, Reid, G. J. & Morton, J B. (2013). Behavioral sleep problems and their impact on developing executive function in children. Sleep, 36(7), 1077-1084. 

DeBenedictis, B. A., & Morton, J. B. (2013). A Method for Investigating Age-Related Differences in the Functional Connectivity of Cognitive Control Networks Associated with DCCS performance. Journal of Visual Experiments

Ezekiel, F, Bosma, R, & Morton, J.B. (2013). Dimensional Change Card Sort performance associated with age-related differences in functional connectivity of lateral prefrontal cortex. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, 20-40

Wilk, H. A., & Morton, J. B. (2012). Developmental changes in patterns of brain activity associated with moment-to-moment adjustments in control. NeuroImage, 63(1), 475-484.

 Wessel, J. R., Danielmeier, C., Morton, J. B., & Ullsperger, M. (2012). Surprise and error: Common neuronal architecture for the processing of errors and novelty. Journal of Neuroscience, 32(22),7528-7537.

Wilk, H. A., Ezekiel, F., & Morton, J. B. (2012). Brain regions associated with moment-to-moment adjustments in control and stable task-set maintenance. NeuroImage. 59, 1960-1967. 

Jordan, P. L., & Morton, J. B. (2012). Perseveration and the status of children’s knowledge in a card-sorting task: Evidence from studies involving congruent flankers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111 (1), 52-64. 

Waxer, M., & Morton, J. B. (2011). Multiple processes underlying Dimensional Change Card Sort Performance: an electrophysiological investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(11), 3267-3279. 

Waxer, M., & Morton, J. B. (2011). The development of future-oriented control: an electrophysiological investigation. NeuroImage,56(3), 1648-54. 

Waxer, M., & Morton, J. B. (2011). Cognitive conflict and learning. In R. M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. New Jersey: Springer.

Morton, J. B., Ezekiel, F., & Wilk, H. A. (2011). Executive functioning: Easy to identify but hard to define. Topics in Cognitive Science, (3), 212-216.

Waxer, M. & Morton, J. B. (2011). Children’s Judgments of Emotion From Conflicting Cues in Speech: Why 6-Year-Olds are so Inflexible. Child Development, 82 (5), 1648-1660. 

Morton, J. B. (2010). Language, bilingualism, and executive functioning in early development. Psychological Reports, 107, 888-890. 

Morton, J. B. (2010). Genetic, neurophysiological, and experiential influences on the development of executive functioning: toward a truly developmental model. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews.

Banse, R., Gawronski, B., Rebetez, C., Gutt, H., & Morton, J. B. (2010). The development of spontaneous gender stereotyping in childhood: Relations to stereotype knowledge and stereotype flexibility. Developmental Science, 13(2), 298-306. 

Morton, J. B. & Harper, S. N. (2009). Bilinguals show an advantage in cognitive control: The question is why. Developmental Science, 12 (4), 502-503.

Morton, J. B., Bosma, R., & Ansari, D. (2009). Age-related changes in patterns of brain activation associated with dimensional shifts of attention: an fMRI study. NeuroImage, 49, 249-256.

Jordan, P. L. & Morton, J. B. (2008). Flankers facilitate 3-year-olds performance in a card-sorting task. Developmental Psychology, 44, 265-274. Morton, J. B. & Harper, S. N. (2007). What did Simon say? Revisiting the bilingual advantage. Developmental Science, 10,  719-726

Morton, J. B. & Trehub, S. E. (2007). Children’s judgements of emotion in song. Psychology of Music, 35, 629-639.

Brace, J., Morton, J. B., & Munakata, Y. (2006). When actions speak louder than words: Improving children’s flexibility in a card-sorting task. Psychological Science, 17, 665-669. 

Morton, J. B., & Munakata, Y. (2005). What’s the difference? Contrasting modular and neural network approaches to understanding developmental variability.  Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 26, 128-139. 

Morton, J. B., Trehub, S. E., & Zelazo, P. D. (2003).  Sources of inflexibility in children’s understanding of emotion in speech.  Child Development, 74, 1857-1868. 

Munakata, Y., Morton, J. B., & Yerys, B.E. (2003). Children's perseveration: attentional inertia and alternative accounts.  Developmental Science, 6, 471-473.

Morton, J. B., & Munakata, Y.  (2002).  Active versus latent representations: A neural network model of perseveration,  knowledge-action dissociation, and décalage.  Developmental Psychobiology, 40, 255-265. PDF

Morton, J. B., & Munakata, Y.  (2002).  Are you listening? Exploring a knowledge-action dissociation in a speech interpretation task.  Developmental Science, 5, 435-440. 

Morton, J. B., & Trehub, S. E.  (2001).  Children's understanding of emotion in speech.  Child Development, 72, 834-843. 


Jordan, P.L. & Morton, J.B. (in press) Attention and the development of anxiety disorders: The importance of disentangling reactive versus regulatory components of attention. To appear in J. Burack and N.A. Fox, Attentionand Developmental Disorders. Oxford University Press.

Knapp, K. & Morton, J.B. (2013). Brain development and executive functioning. In R.E. Tremblay, M. Boivin, & R. Peters (Eds.), Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development, Cognitive Stimulation: Executive Functioning.

Morton, J.B. & Munakata, Y. (2009).  Connectionist models of perseveration.  In J.P. Spencer, M. Thomas, & J. McClelland (Eds.) Connectionism and Dynamic Systems Theory Reconsidered; Toward a Grand New Theory? Oxford University Press.

Munakata, Y., Morton, J.B.,& O'Reilly, R.C. (2007). Computational and developmental approaches to variation in working memory. In R.A. Conway, C. Jarrold, M. Kane, A. Miyake & J. Towse (Eds.) Variation in Working Memory, Oxford University Press.

Morton, J.B. & Waxer, M. (2005). Working memory span and the anti-saccade task: An ERP investigation of preparatory processes. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Supplementary, 142-143.

Munakata, Y., Morton, J.B., & Stedron, J.M. (2003). The role of prefrontal cortex in perseveration: Developmental and computational explorations. In P. Quinlan (Ed.), Connectionist Models of Development, Hove: Psychology Press. p. 83-114.